Backboard: A vertical board where the basket attaches to.
Baseline: The out-of-bounds line behind the basket that is parallel to the backboard.
Basket: Consists of a rim and often a net, and is attached to the backboard. The goal of a basketball game is to throw the basketball throw the basket. In standard basketball courts, the basket is 10 feet above the ground.
Center Circle: Used for jump ball situations. In a jump ball at midcourt, the two players who will take the jump stand inside the center circle, while all other players stand outside of the circle.
Free Throw Line: Where a player stands when he or she takes a free throw. The free throw line is 15 feet from the backboard.
Midcourt Line: The line in the middle of the basketball court that divides the basketball court into two halves.
Paint: The area underneath the basketball between the free throw line and the baseline. This area is sometimes painted in a different color. This area is sometimes referred to as lane or key.
Sideline: The out-of-bounds line on either side of the basketball court.
Three-Point Line: A field goal that is made from outside of the three-point line is worth three points.